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By Steven F. Sage

Contemporary archaeological reveals in China have made attainable a reconstruction of the traditional heritage of Sichuan, the country's so much populous province. Excavated artifacts and new recovered texts now complement conventional textual fabrics. jointly, those info express how Sichuan matured from peripheral obscurity to realize vital value within the chinese language empire through the first millennium B.C.

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The Hua-xia, and later the Han people), who traditionally have fastened their robes on the right. 2 cm. above an attached pedestal, the statuette is a regal figure that may indeed represent a Shu king, whose arms and hands are arranged in a manner to grasp some object such as a scepter. 8 cm. 37 Other bronze human figures from both pits portray human heads, perhaps representations of courtiers wearing stylized headdresses that could have denoted rank. Four types have been recognized. Thirty-six examples of Type A have a braided queue of hair; the single Type B specimen wears a cylindrical hat; three Type C heads have a kind of turban, and the one Type D head a cap with a bowlike device in the back.

Sandy-textured brown pottery became the most abundant ceramic, followed by a brown slipware. Characteristic types include hornshaped wide-mouthed jars, tall necked goblets (gao bing dou), narrow-necked hu flasks, small flat bottomed jars, and vessel covers. A kind of bird-shaped ladle with a beak for the handle makes its initial appearance. Pottery decoration at the second stage was more varied than in the first, with a repertoire of cord-marked, rope-marked, comb-marked, incised, and stamped adornment including water chestnut, heart, and shell patterns.

Rectangular structures were characteristic of the second stage in contrast with the round or square huts reported for the preceding stratum. Post holes remain from the wooden columns that supported thatched roofs. Walls consisted of lightly baked mud. 3 square meters, each one circumvented by a ditch. The data are not yet sufficient to draw firm inferences from the dwellings' spatial relationships to one another. If such a modest concentration of wooden houses constituted the totality of Sanxingdui, the place could hardly have been consequential.

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