By Dror Zeevi
In keeping with micro-level examine of the District of Jerusalem, this publication addresses the most the most important questions in regards to the Ottoman empire in a time of predicament and disorientation: decline and decentralization, the increase of the striking elite, the urban-rural-pastoral nexus, agrarian kin and the encroachment of ecu economic climate. even as it paints a shiny photo of lifestyles in an Ottoman province. by means of integrating courtroom list, petitions, chronicles or even neighborhood poetry, the publication recreates a ancient international that, notwithstanding lengthy vanished, has left an indelible imprint at the urban of Jerusalem and its atmosphere.
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Extra info for An Ottoman Century: The District of Jerusalem in the 1600s (S U N Y Series in Medieval Middle East History)
65 Page 29 The principles guiding this institution, the social groups admitted or treated, are unknown, but the bimaristan had been part of the Muslim urban community in Jerusalem for quite some time, providing medical care for a variety of physical and mental problems. The main public social pastime in male society was coffee drinking, which had caught on at the end of the sixteenth century, in defiance offatwas and imperial decrees banning or denouncing the new custom. The sijill records many apparently prosperous coffee houses, where tobacco and hashish soon became part of the scene.
Maps drawn by travelers and pilgrims, though inaccurate, convey a sense of large open spaces, and no density of population anywhere in the city. In a research based on sixteenth century Ottoman tax surveys,46 Amnon Cohen and Bernard Lewis have found that whereas in the Mamluk period the city's quarters had some homogeneous character based on ethnic communities or social distinctions, this state of affairs gave way to a much more heterogeneous mix, both socially and ethnically, at the beginning of the Ottoman period.
In the course of the first century of Ottoman rule, however, this state of affairs changed radically. A series of disruptions known collectively as the "Celali revolts," and the insurrections of mutinous pashas in eastern Anatolia, from around 1590 to the middle of the following century, made communications between the Anatolian center and the Arab provinces much more difficult. 1 Coupled with changes of emphasis in the government itself, these developments encouraged centrifugal tendencies, and centralized government gave way to a much more decentralized system.