By Chris Lightfoot
Even supposing much less popular than a few Anatolian websites, it really is Amorium's value as an important cost after the Roman interval that makes it so very important. The excavation programme's major objective has been to make clear the Byzantine payment that flourished right here till the eleventh century advert. This guidebook is an try and fill in many of the gaps within the archaeology, and to convey town and its historical past again to existence.
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Additional resources for Amorium: A Byzantine City in Anatolia - An Archaeological Guide (Homer Archaeological Guides)
Byzantine sources claim that 30,000 people were either killed or captured during the sack. Layer of ash and debris below the The senior military Enclosure wall (Dark Ages, early 9th commanders and other century AD). 55 History and Archaeology Manuscript illustration of the Forty-Two Martyrs of Amorium (Byzantine, 13th century AD). important figures amongst the defenders were taken alive, to be used as hostages for ransom or exchange. They were separated from the remainder of the prisoners, who were marched off into captivity when al-Mu‘tassim’s forces withdrew from Amorium soon after its capture.
The road, known from ancient maps and itineraries, ran from Apameia north-east towards Pessinus and then on to Ancyra (Ankara), the capital of Galatia. Amorium undoubtedly benefited from its position on or very close to this important highway. General view of Amorium from the Hamzahac›l› road, looking southeast. 43 History and Archaeology Map of ancient sites and roads in Phrygia. Amor›um ›n Late Ant›qu›ty In AD 330 the emperor Constantine I (the Great) refounded Byzantium as the new capital of the Roman Empire, naming it after himself.
The events are described in the Life of St. Theodore, which was probably composed soon after the saint’s death in AD 615. It is likely, therefore, that the description it provides of the city is accurate and so sheds some light on the appearance of the Early Byzantine city. So, for example, the Life mentions the city walls and confirms that its population was by then largely Christian. It also describes how the wealthy inhabitants apparently lived in large suburban villas, complete with private chapels.