By George W. Harris
What varieties of people can we aspire to be, and the way do our aspirations healthy with our principles of rationality? In Agent-Centered Morality, George Harris argues that the majority people aspire to a definite type of integrity: we want to be respectful of and sympathetic to others, and to be loving mom and dad, buddies, and individuals of our groups. opposed to a triumphing Kantian consensus, Harris deals an Aristotelian view of the issues provided by means of functional cause, difficulties of integrating all our issues right into a coherent, significant lifestyles in a manner that preserves our integrity. the duty of fixing those difficulties is "the integration test."Systematically addressing the paintings of significant Kantian thinkers, Harris exhibits that even the main complicated modern types of the Kantian view fail to combine all the values that correspond to what we name an ethical existence. through demonstrating how the that means of existence and useful cause are internally similar, he constructs from Aristotle's inspiration a conceptual scheme that effectively integrates all of the features that make a existence significant, with out jeopardizing where of any. Harris's elucidation of this technique is an important contribution to debates on human service provider, useful cause, and morality.
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Extra resources for Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism
Altham and Ross Harrison (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995), 186–94. ― 37 ― as the appropriate method of adjudicating between rival conceptions of rational agency. To see this, we have to recast the argument in a manner that reframes the issue to allow for the possibility of rationally resolving the question of whether reason alone can motivate. Consider the following argument. 1. The internalism requirement: Practical claims, if they are really to present us with reasons for action, must be capable of motivating rational persons.
Hume and Aristotle would most heartily agree. For constructivists, what those values are can be discovered through constructivist methodology, which is at once a kind of moral theory and a kind of psychological study. It is not a branch of metaphysics, and it proceeds independently of metaphysics. This methodological difference between constructivist and metaphysical Kantians requires a difference in a general conception of rational agency. For constructivists, the fact that is explained by reflective equilibrium is that the principles yielded by the decision model rationally express our deepest moral sentiments.
56 ― all the way across town, and so on. You are so effusive with your praise and thanks that he protests that he always tries to do what he thinks is his duty, what he thinks will be best. You at first think he is engaging in a polite form of self-deprecation, relieving the moral burden. But the more you two speak, the more clear it becomes that he was telling the literal truth: that it is not essentially because of you that he came to see you, not because you are friends, but because he thought it his duty, perhaps as a fellow Christian or Communist or whatever, or simply because he knows of no one more in need of cheering up and no one easier to cheer up.