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By Faith Njeri Nguthi

Utilizing tissue-cultured know-how is a in all likelihood vital approach for smallholder banana farmers to enhance their yields and source of revenue. within the scenario of the impoverishing results of excessive HIV/AIDS-prevalence in a rural banana-farming group, this is applicable much more. The learn documented during this booklet examines the stability among required inputs and strength merits of utilising the tissue-cultured expertise between HIV/AIDS-affected and non-affected families in Maragua district, important Kenya, utilizing a livelihood method. the implications express that adoption of the expertise and its persevered use differs in keeping with the assets endowment of the farming families. loss of monetary and actual capital, particularly a water tank, inhibits adoption, without reference to HIV/AIDS-status.However, families headed by means of aged adult females dominate one of the bad families and the HIV/AIDS-affected families. This illustrates how HIV/AIDS interfaces with poverty and, thereby, in some way with the feasibility of sustainable know-how adoption. The learn additionally exhibits that livelihood judgements and methods of farming families are prompted by means of land tenure prestige (having name deeds or no longer) and labour constraints on the family point. The latter come up due to HIV/AIDS-related morbidity and mortality

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Extra resources for Adoption Of Agricultural Innovations By Smallholder Farmers In The Context Of HIV/AIDS: The Case of Tissue-Cultured Banana in Kenya

Sample text

Migration Migration is a type of household livelihood diversification. It involves the movement of one or more members of the household for a certain period of time in search of a better and more secure livelihood for the household. Migration occurs due to what the literature terms ‘push’ and ‘pull’ factors. Income differences between the sending and receiving areas are one of the major pull factors, while land fragmentation (at inheritance), landlessness and seasonality are main push factors. Kenya has a long history of labour migration as a common livelihood strategy among the rural farming households.

Endogenous factors include social relations of norms and structures, which are part of the household. Intra-household gender relations that influence access to assets may affect the adoption and suitability of agricultural technologies. Exogenous factors consist of economic trends, policies, institutions, organisations and shocks. Institutions may be both formal and informal, ranging from tenure regimes to labour sharing systems, to market networks or credit arrangements. An understanding of institutions and organizations is important as they mediate access to livelihood resources and assets and in turn affect the composition of livelihood portfolios and strategies.

Pennartz and Niehof (1999:3) define households as social units that enable individuals of different ages and sexes, to pool income from multiple sources in order to ensure their individual and collective livelihood. In this definition members of a household are not necessarily biologically related and may include friends, lodgers, servants who may not always share a common residence. Rudie (1995:228) defines the household ‘as a co-residential unit, usually family-based in some way, which takes care of resource management 30 Adoption of agricultural innovations by smallholder farmers Literature review and conceptual framework and primary needs of its members’.

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