Download Academic Inbreeding and Mobility in Higher Education: Global by Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley PDF

By Maria Yudkevich, Philip G. Altbach, Laura E. Rumbley

Educational inbreeding - appointing one's personal graduates for tutorial positions - is a arguable yet unusually universal perform the world over. This e-book is the 1st comparative research of the phenomenon - the motives, implications, and way forward for inbreeding.

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The initial interest in inbreeding emerged at the beginning of the 20th century. Even at that early stage, it was already characterized as an unhealthy practice. Thus, Harvard President Charles Eliot in his famous book University Administration (1908) says, It is natural, but not wise, for a college or university to recruit its faculties chiefly from its own graduates – natural, because these graduates are well known to the selecting authorities, since they have been under observation for years; unwise, because breeding in and in has grave dangers for a university, and also for technical schools and naval and military academies.

Such measures helped to decrease the level of inbreeding in Japan a bit, but in some universities closed recruitment practices still remain. Moreover, other reasons for inbreeding in Japan – including the practice of academics receiving all of their degrees from only one university and doctoral candidates working only with supervisors from the same university – remain salient, which is why the level of inbreeding is still rather high in Japanese universities (Horta, Sato, and Yonezawa 2011). In Spain, the attempt to reduce inbreeding simply by officially decreeing that selection practices should be based only on merit (with the introduction of University Reform Law in 1984) has failed (Soler 2001).

The German regulation Hausberufungsverbot “excludes the possibility of moving up to a professorship from a middle-rank position or even from an associate to a full professorship within the same institution” (Jacob and Teichler 2009, 255). As inbreeding is the most extreme case of immobility, regulations that prohibit immobility prevent inbreeding, as well. As Christine Musselin (2004) points out, in Germany even the internal benefits of a faculty member inside the university are associated with his or her success on the external labor market (Musselin 2004).

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