Download A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology (Blackwell by Sahotra Sarkar, Anya Plutynski PDF

By Sahotra Sarkar, Anya Plutynski

Created from essays through best students within the box, this quantity deals distinctive overviews of philosophical concerns raised by means of biology.
• Brings jointly a group of eminent students to discover the philosophical concerns raised via biology• Addresses conventional and rising subject matters, spanning molecular biology and genetics, evolution, developmental biology, immunology, ecology, brain and behavior, neuroscience, and experimentation• starts off with an intensive creation to the field• is going past prior remedies that targeted in basic terms on evolution to provide equivalent recognition to different parts, equivalent to molecular and developmental biology• Represents either an authoritative consultant to philosophy of biology, and an obtainable reference paintings for a person trying to know about this rapidly-changing box

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Extra info for A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology (Blackwell Companions to Philosophy)

Sample text

Another phenomenon called protein splicing has been observed in the past few years. Here, portions of the original translation product have to be cleaved and joined together in a new order before yielding a functional protein. And finally, a more recent development from the translational field is that a ribosome can manage to translate two different messenger RNAs into one single polypeptide. 297). But it appears difficult to follow Gros’ advice of such a reverse definition, as the phenotype would then simply be used to define the genotype.

Johannsen also clearly recognized that the experimental regime of Mendelian genetics neither required nor allowed any definite supposition about the material structure of the genetic elements. 124). On this account, genes were taken as the abstract elements of an equally abstract space whose structure, however, could be explored through the visible and quantifiable outcome of breeding experiments based on mutations of model organisms. This became the research program of Thomas Hunt Morgan and his group.

J. Rheinberger (Eds). The concept of the gene in development and evolution: historical and epistemological perspectives (pp. 159–77). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Keller, E. Fox (2001). The century of the gene. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 19 hans-jörg rheinberger and staffan müller-wille Kim, K-M. (1994). Explaining scientific consensus: the case of Mendelian genetics. New York: Guilford Press. Kitcher, P. (1982). Genes. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 33, 337–59.

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