Download 101 Great Philosophers: Makers of Modern Thought by Madsen Pirie PDF

By Madsen Pirie

A advisor to one zero one thinkers within the background of philosophy. It summarizes the contribution one zero one key philosophers who've made to the advance of philosophical concept, because the historic Greeks. It deals a glimpse into every one philosopher's existence and paintings.

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Extra resources for 101 Great Philosophers: Makers of Modern Thought

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Plato said he was ‘like Socrates gone mad’. He wore rough clothes, ate plain food, and eschewed any kind of luxury. Indeed, he scorned it, along with the vanity and hypocrisy of civilized life. He lived in a tub, having no need of a house, and when he saw a boy drinking water from cupped hands, he threw away his wooden bowl as an unnecessary luxury. He used wit and intelligence to mock the fashionable sophisms of other philosophers. Having heard Plato’s definition of a man as a featherless biped, Diogenes plucked a chicken and presented it to Plato’s class as an example of a man.

Aristarchus c 310–230 BC Aristarchus of Samos was a mathematician and astronomer whose calculations led him to suppose that the earth people inhabit is a very small part of a gigantic cosmos, and that it revolves around the sun. He preceded Archimedes, who wrote about his later views, and we have a record of his early work On the Sizes and Distances of the Sun and the Moon. Initially taking the prevailing geocentic view, Aristarchus reasoned that since the moon shines by reflected light, at half-moon it must be at right angles to the sun from the earth.

While the political world was dissolving into chaos as barbarians invaded and sacked the Western Roman Empire, Augustine’s ideas provided the means for people to endure and accept earthly suffering, and concentrate upon the spiritual matters which promised eternity. Augustine took a pessimistic view of original sin. He thought all men deserved to burn in hell because of it, but a few were chosen to be saved by God’s grace. There was nothing people could do join the elect; it was God’s choice and was predetermined.

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